On the upcoming Monday (04.07.2016), AKSW group will discuss topics related to Semantic Web and Big Data as well as programming languages and code quality. In particular, the following papers will be presented:
by Alexander Schätzle et al.
Presented by: Ivan Ermilov
RDF has become very popular for semantic data publishing due to its flexible and universal graph-like data model. Yet, the ever-increasing size of RDF data collections makes it more and more infeasible to store and process them on a single machine, raising the need for distributed approaches. Instead of building a standalone but closed distributed RDF store, we endorse the usage of existing infrastructures for Big Data processing, e.g. Hadoop. However, SPARQL query performance is a major challenge as these platforms are not designed for RDF processing from ground. Thus, existing Hadoop-based approaches often favor certain query pattern shape while performance drops significantly for other shapes. In this paper, we describe a novel relational partitioning schema for RDF data called ExtVP that uses a semi-join based preprocessing, akin to the concept of Join Indices in relational databases, to efficiently minimize query input size regardless of its pattern shape and diameter. Our prototype system S2RDF is built on top of Spark and uses its relational interface to execute SPARQL queries over ExtVP. We demonstrate its superior performance in comparison to state
of the art SPARQL-on-Hadoop approaches using the recent WatDiv test suite. S2RDF achieves sub-second runtimes for majority of queries on a billion triples RDF graph
by Baishakhi Ray et al.
Presented by: Tim Ermilov
What is the effect of programming languages on software quality? This question has been a topic of much debate for a very long time. In this study, we gather a very large data set from GitHub (729 projects, 80 Million SLOC, 29,000 authors, 1.5 million commits, in 17 languages) in an attempt to shed some empirical light on this question. This reasonably large sample size allows us to use a mixed-methods approach, combining multiple regression modeling with visualization and text analytics, to study the effect of language features such as static v.s. dynamic typing, strong v.s. weak typing on software quality. By triangulating findings from different methods,
and controlling for confounding effects such as team size, project size, and project history, we report that language design does have a significant, but modest effect on software quality. Most notably, it does appear that strong typing is modestly better than weak typing, and among functional languages, static typing is also somewhat better than dynamic typing. We also find that functional languages are somewhat better than procedural languages. It is worth noting that these modest effects arising from language design are overwhelmingly dominated by the process factors such as project size, team size, and commit size. However, we hasten to caution the reader that even these modest effects might quite possibly be due to other, intangible process factors, e.g., the preference of certain personality types for functional, static and strongly typed languages
Each paper will be presented in 20 minutes, which will be followed by 10 minutes discussion. After the talks, there is more time for discussion in smaller groups as well as coffee and cake. The colloquium starts at 3 p.m. and is located on 7th floor (Leipzig, Augustusplatz 10, Paulinum).